In terms of paying the bill, it is not unusual to grab the bill and pay for it before your host takes any actions. A-A is very rare in China especially when you are doing business with clients. Even when you are the client, you can do it just to show friendliness.
To those who are borrowing some amount from others, they have the responsibility to pay the amount they borrowed. While some people pays or receive the money anytime, Filipinos believe that one should not borrow money on the first hour of the day because he might have bad luck for the rest of the day, first day of the week because people who lend him their money will look for him the whole week, first day of the month because he might experience the same reasons in the whole month, and first day of the year because he might become needy and might borrow amount in a lot of times in that certain year. They also believe that paying or receiving payments for borrowed money at night can bring bad luck.
Every culture has their own belief that can’t be explained by science but were formed based on the observation from many. People in the Philippines have a lot and they have some about birthmarks. They say that parents who just had a female child with a birthmark in any part around the eye, as long as the mark will not be big enough to look bad, the child will most likely be wanted by a lot of guys, so fathers should watch out for their daughters. People also say that if someone has a birthmark on the chest, he will become a true lover.
It’s good to be discrete about your finances but never say “I have no money,” or else you might lose money and will really NOT have any money.
Philippines is a democratic country where people can be free to decide for themselves as long as they are not stepping on others’ rights but it doesn’t mean that they really can all the time. There are still rules to be followed because their freedom, though won’t literally touch other’s rights, can bother other people in some ways. This is what people from other ‘open’ countries should understand and abide when they are in the Philippines. They have to dress as modest as the Filipinos. They also have to wear clothes based on the event of the place they will be going. When one says business attire, he really means strict business attire and those which will allow assets which are supposed to be hidden to be shown are not allowed. Except for the main cities in the country, it’s appreciated more if one will be in one-piece swim suit or wet suits than sexy two-piece swim suits when going to the resorts. Filipino are not used in swimming in public places naked.
From the influence of the Spanish people, Filipinos are known to be refined, modest and unassuming. They may feel ashamed of doing some things. Their term for shame is “hiya”. Sometimes, even when they have the right or even the authority to do something, they may still prohibit their selves of doing it because they don’t like to appear like they are arrogant, cruel, rude, or have no breeding or were not educationally oriented (termed as “walang pinag-aralan”). Filipinos will really try to maintain their wit and modesty in any situation. Because of that, they may also expect other people, even the foreigners, to also behave that way when they are in any area in the Philippines
Filipinos value marriage so much that being a separated man or woman is often viewed negatively by the public.
Being a large multi-national country, China is composed of 56 ethnic groups, among which Han people account for over 90% of the population. The rest 55 minority groups are distributed extensively throughout China. They all have different culture, costumes, food and lifestyles. In Yunnan Province alone, 25 nations can be found, living in individual communities. You need to understand the particular culture and rules of behavior of each nation before conducting business with them.
In Chinese companies everything is decided by the person with the highest rank within the company. Try to find out who is the person you need to talk to. Hints could be the arrangement of persons when having a dinner, or who enters the room first when negotiating.
Chinese do not want to lose face. Openly criticizing others is therefore not common. If you want honest advice from a Chinese, build a strong relationship first. Only when you know the person well, he or she will feel comfortable giving you realistic advice.
When doing business, Chinese attach great importance to “Guanxi”, which is the private relationship with the partners. So please keep in touch with your Chinese friends by making phone calls with them to have a talk. This shows that they are important in your mind. Building a harmonious relationship will help you a lot when you want to do business with them.
Chinese people don’t like to do business with strangers, instead, they believe in “relations after business”. Therefore, to sign your first contract with your Chinese counterparts might require months of work, negotiation and guanxi building. The Chinese term guanxi, similar to networking, is the key to minimizing the obstacles and opening doors when doing business in China. An intermediary is very crucial when you need the introduction to an organization or individual. Guanxi can be created by hosting banquets, exchanging favors and sending gifts. A wide guanxi is always the key to opportunities.